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Fitch Affirms Kazakhtelecom at 'BB'; Outlook Positive

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Fitch Ratings has affirmed Kazakhtelecom's (Kaztel) Long term Issuer Default Rating (IDR) at 'BB' with a Positive Outlook.

­The creation of a joint venture (JV) from the combination of Kaztel's and Tele2's mobile assets in Kazakhstan should significantly strengthen Kaztel's position in mobile services. Fitch said that it is maintainings the Positive Outlook on the company's IDR as this transaction should only have a slightly negative impact on its leverage. They believe the company should be able to digest a spike in leverage if it has to purchase in three years the 49% stake in the mobile JV it does not own.

Kaztel is a strong fixed-line incumbent, with dominant market shares in traditional telephony and fixed-line broadband services, operating in a benign regulatory environment. The company re-entered the mobile mass market with its LTE/GSM service in 2014, providing it with a capability to offer both fixed and mobile services.

Stronger Mobile Business

The transaction should strengthen the mobile market positions of both parties. The JV will have a 22% share of Kazakhstan's mobile subscriber market or 5.6 million active customers. The companies will continue operating separately under their current brand names. We do not expect any significant subscriber cannibalisation as both brands should continue to operate in separate consumer niches.

Kaztel and Tele2 Group will hold 51%/49% economic interest and 49%/51% voting interest, respectively. Kaztel will contribute its mobile subsidiary Altel on a debt-free basis while Tele2 will contribute its mobile assets in Kazakhstan with a KZT97bn shareholder loan. Tele2 will retain management control over the JV and will appoint all of the Management Board apart from CFO. The deal is subject to regulatory approval and is expected to close in 1Q16

More Rational Mobile Market

Tele2 and Altel compete aggressively with mobile market leaders JSC Kcell and Vimpelcom Ltd. The price war initiated by the operators in 2015 along with mobile termination rates cuts have led to pressure on mobile average revenue per user. With a combined subscriber share of 22%, the JV has less incentive for disruptive price behaviour to acquire customers. We expect the focus to shift towards the value of offers and quality of service.

LTE Remains an Advantage

Kaztel is rapidly growing the number of its data-hungry 4G customers as it remains the only Kazakh provider of LTE mobile services capable of managing high data volumes. Once the JV is created, Tele2's subscribers will be able to use 4G network while both companies' customers will benefit from wider 2G/3G coverage.

Expected Synergies

The merger of companies should generate synergies in operating costs and capital expenditures. The JV should be able to save money on network construction while the overlap of existing networks should lead to a higher quality of service and wider coverage. Given Kaztel's ability to provide the whole spectrum of telecom services, the upselling efforts in the mobile business may help it expand its broadband and pay-TV subscriber base.

Leverage to Increase Marginally

As a result of the transaction, Kaztel will guarantee up to 51% of the JV's total external debt. Fitch projects that the JV will require external funding in 2016-2017 to finance capex. Fitch includes these guarantees in Kaztel's total debt calculation. This results in a marginal deterioration of the company's leverage profile.

Fitch still expects funds from operations (FFO) adjusted gross leverage to decline below 2.0x in 2017-2018 on the back of continuing strong operating cash flow generation and lower capex.

Call/Put Options

As part of the merger Kaztel will have a call option allowing it to buy out the share of Tele2 in the JV in three years at a price determined by an independent appraiser. Tele2 has a mirroring put option with the same terms. Fitch conservatively assumes that this option is exercised and includes the shareholder loan repayment in its calculations, which causes FFO adjusted gross leverage in 2019 to exceed 2.0x. Due to robust free cash flow (FCF) generation, leverage should drop below 2.0x again in 2020.

Mobile Margins to Improve

Tele2 Kazakhstan and Altel have launched their mobile operations recently compared with market leaders Kcell and Vimpelcom. Rapid network development and aggressive subscriber acquisition have put pressure on the companies' margins. Tele2's mobile operations in Kazakhstan turned EBITDA-positive in 2014 and now generate a low single-digit margin while Altel reached EBITDA-breakeven only in 2015. Further profitability growth is likely from stabilising subscriber acquisition costs and cost synergies from the merger.

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